Doberman Puppy Training
Doberman puppy training should begin before you bring your puppy home. This may sound strange, but you are about to take on the responsibility of a young life that will be totally dependent on your leadership and guidance. What you teach your puppy will help determine his behavior, temperament and character. Preparation beforehand is the key to your success.
Doberman Puppy Training – Items You Will Need
Before you bring your puppy home you’ll need to buy a crate, dog food, bowls for food and water, a leash, collar, toys, bedding, a good training guide, etc.
The crate can be either plastic or metal, but a metal crate has better ventilation and is more durable. Make sure that the crate space is only large enough for your puppy to be comfortable lying down and has just enough room to stand and turn around. If he has too much room he may potty in the extra space. A metal crate that will accommodate an adult Doberman is okay if the interior space can be adjusted to puppy as he grows.
Doberman Puppy Training – Health and Safety
Health – It’s important to schedule an appointment with your veterinarian within a day or two of getting your puppy. Many breeders require the puppy be examined by a vet within a specified number of hours to validate their health guarantee. In any case, you should want to determine your puppy’s physical condition and setup a vaccination schedule.
Safety – Make your home and yard safe for your puppy in the same way you would for a crawling baby or toddler. Keep all cleaning products, garden chemicals and automotive fluids safely out of your puppy’s reach. Make sure he doesn’t have access to medications and make-up. Stairs, cords from window coverings and electrical cords can also be hazardous.
Puppies like to get into garbage cans, and they really love shoes. Crayons, pencils, erasers and toys small enough to be swallowed need to be put away.
Basically, anything that could potentially harm a child should be kept from your puppy’s reach.
Doberman Puppy Training – Housebreaking
When it comes to housebreaking your puppy, the crate is your friend. At first, keep your puppy in his crate for short time periods. If he’s 8 to 10 weeks old, start with 20 minutes. When you take him outside to “do his business” if he potties praise him, maybe give him a treat, allow him a few minutes play time and then put him back in his crate. If he doesn’t potty, take him back to his crate.
Typically, a young puppy will need to potty about every 20 to 30 minutes. By paying attention to his behavior, you will get a sense of when he needs to go. You will start to see a pattern of behavior when nature calls. It could be as obvious as going to the door or as subtle as looking at you and wagging his tail.
You should gradually increase his crate time, but don’t confine him too long. Be persistent and consistent and before you know it your puppy will be house broken.
Doberman Puppy Training – Biting
At 4 weeks old a puppy starts playing with his mother and litter mates by biting. Biting is natural to a puppy, but it’s not a behavior you want him to have as an adult. It’s much easier to train him not to bite while he’s young.
When you, or any household members, are playing with your puppy and he bites, whine or yelp to let him know that he hurt you and immediately stop playing. At this point, you might give him a chew toy he can bite on instead. If you’re consistent, he’ll quickly learn that biting stops the playing, and puppies love to play.
Keep a variety of chew toys and rotate them so that he doesn’t get bored. Also, avoid games that require him to bite, for example tug of war.
Doberman Puppy Training – Socialization
Puppies that have not been socialized will frequently grow up to be fearful and aggressive. It’s important to introduce your puppy to a wide variety of situations and social events. Expose him to people of all ages, other dogs and cats. Keep the social encounters positive, fun and free of pressure.
Plenty of positive socialization experiences will allow your puppy to feel that his world is a happy and safe place.
In all of your Doberman puppy training activities keep in mind that encouragement, praise and positive reinforcement works best. Methods that are based on harsh correction and punishment are ineffective and cruel. You will get what you give, so give gentleness, patience and respect.